9x20 Tool Post Grinder & Adapter Plates
Last updated on Sunday, August 15, 2021 11:56:38 AM Mountain US Time Zone


Tool Post Grinder, Simple Mounting Bracket,
Single Point Dresser, Grinding, Tool Post Grinder Movie,
Pivoting Bracket,
Air Micro Die Grinder

Always wear safety glasses & breathing protection.
Note: Cover all ways, lead screw, & other exposed parts before grinding.
The grit dust is very abrasive to the ways & other parts.

Tool Post Grinder

Designed for the smaller mini-lathe. I chose this
one because it has good clearance around

the grinding wheel area & the mount is more generic
though it does not have a chuck for ID grinding.

The grinding wheel is: 80mm (3.2") diameter, 10mm
(0.4") thick, & has a 20mm (0.8") center hole.

The wheel center is about 57mm (2.25") above the
bottom of the mounting foot. Some of the grits available

are: 60, 80, 120, 180, & 240. No-load wheel speed
was measured at 7800 RPM (motor is 23,400 RPM).

3:1 pulley reduction uses a multi-V belt. Note how
the foot has an alignment edge along one side.

Tool post grinder diagram.

Cover shown removed revealing two aluminum pulleys with a multi-V belt.

A simple grinder to cross slide adapter plate is held
down using the same four, M6-1 bolts & nuts

used for the QCTP clamping plate. A 0.426"" plate
placed the grinding wheel center at the 9x20's

spindle centerline. The motor & belt housing are tilted
back toward the operator to allow a better view.

Simple Mounting Bracket

Top view of the simple adapter plate. A slot was milled
that allows the ledge of the grinder's foot to align against.

The slot's top left edge was chamfered to allow a tight fit.
The foot was deburred & wire brushed to remove paint

overspray. Two, M6-1 cap-head bolts with washers
are screwed into threaded holes to hold it in place.

Always wear eye protection

Single Point Dresser

Mounted a single-point, 0.75 carat diamond dresser into
the spindle using a 2" boring head with a 1/2" shank arbor.

The spindle is in lowest speed & engaged to firmly
hold it in place.
DO NOT turn the lathe on. I had made a 1/2" to 3/8"
boring-bar adapter for the boring head which also holds the dresser shank.

I advance the wheel into the dresser about 0.0005"/pass.
Always dress the wheel before use.

A dedicated diamond dresser fixture.
The 7/8" diameter holder has a 3/8"
precision-reamed blind hole for the dresser.

Improved the dresser fixture by reaming the 3/8" hole
for the dresser all the way through for more adjustability.

The  holder now has 1/4", 1/2", 3/4", & 7/8" steps
for added flexibility when mounting in a collet.



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It puts a nice finish on steel.
The 80 grit wheel is shown, above.

Reshaping a removable/replaceable tip for a
General No. 79 automatic center punch, below.

Removing a burr from an interchangeable counterbore pilot.

Tool Post Grinder Movie

Cleaning-up the body of an imported countersink.
Both the lathe & grinding wheel should turn CW so the

surfaces are moving opposite each other. This method
produces the best finish.
Tool post grinder movie.
In this movie the part appears to be turning the wrong
direction but this is due to the camera's 30 fps sampling

rate. This is called the wagon-wheel effect which is caused
by under-sampled (stroboscopic) apparent motion.

Grinding at a 35 deg angle as set by the pivoting bracket.

The collet stop body did not fit inside all of the 5C
collets so it was reduced using the tool post grinder.

During grinding, abrasive dust is produced;
protect the ways with a cloth.

Pivoting Bracket

In order to accurately rotate the grinder to different
angles, I made a
pivoting bracket (see drawing).
Top bracket was bolted down onto the rotary
table with a scrap plate on the bottom to keep

from autographing the surface. Indexing holes every
5 deg on the left & 15 deg on the right. First,

center the rotary table then indicate the plate off
the precision reamed, 1/4" hole in the center.

Base & top mounting plates to allow rotating the grinder.
Pivots on a 1/4" dowel pin. 1/8" reamed holes every 15 deg.

Each plate was fly-cut to 0.213" so when combined, it would
align the grinder wheel's center with the lathe's center.

The two larger holes on the top (right) plate were used to
clamp it to the 6" rotary table. The slots are a 1/4" wide.

Added indexing holes every 5 deg along second edge.
Detail of dowel pin with knurled knob, shown.

Note relief at both pocket ends. The base has 6.5mm
clearance holes for the 6mm tie-down bolts.

Added an alignment bracket on the base (right) that
is placed against the lathe's cross-slide table edge.

Three, 3-48 Phillips flat-head screws are used to attach
the bracket. This bracket is 0.005" below the base's

top surface to allow rotation of the upper plate. Returning
the bracket to the same rotational position reduces

the amount of material that is removed while wheel
dressing. Note the secondary zero-indexing holes.


Pocket for the foot's alignment edge was milled
the same as that for the
simple bracket.
A pocket is stronger than if cut all the way
through. Both ends of the pocket were

relieved (milled) with small right-angle cuts so
they would not touch the foot's corners.

1/4-20 button-head bolts with custom-sized brass washers
are used to clamp the upper rotating plate to its base.

An aluminum knurled knob with a 1/8" dowel pin
insert is used to align the plate indexing holes.

The base uses 4, M6-1 cap-head tie-down bolts.

Grinder set to & used at 0 deg.

Grinder is shown set to & used at 30 deg
to grind a 60 deg included angle point.

The guard interfered with the indexing pin at 45 deg so
a secondary zero position was made 15 deg to the right.

Note how the base alignment bracket on the right
side is up against the side of the cross slide table.

Air Micro Die Grinder

Air micro die grinder shown being held in the 3/4"
boring bar tool holder using the 5/8" split adapter.

The die grinder has an 1/8" collet, uses 2 CFM @
90 PSI supplied air & can turn 56,000 RPM.

Dress with a single-point diamond before use.
This setup is for precision ID grinding.

Cover lathe bed ways to protect them from gritty
abrasive grinding dust.
Air micro grinder manual.
See Air compressors & accessories.

Precision holes are either
reamed, bored or precision ground.

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Tool Post Grinder, Simple Mounting Bracket,
Single Point Dresser, Grinding, Tool Post Grinder Movie,
Pivoting Bracket,
Air Micro Die Grinder